Find Current Location in Android - GPS Sample

This article will show you how to programmatically access the data returned by your built-in GPS receiver.

In Android, location-based services are provided by the LocationManager class located in the android.location package.

Using the LocationManager class, we can obtain periodic updates of the device's geographical locations as well as fire an intent when it enters the proximity of a certain location.


1. Obtain a reference to the LocationManager class using the getSystemService() method.
    LocationManager lm = (LocationManager) getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);


2. Create a LocationListener Class for notify the location changes.
Our MyLocationListener class should implements the LocationListener abstract class. There are four methods that you need to override in this implementation:
    * onLocationChanged(Location location): This method is called when the location has changed.
    * onProviderDisabled(String provider): This method is called when the provider is disabled by the user.
    * onProviderEnabled(String provider): This method is called when the provider is enabled by the user.
    * onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras): This method is called when the provider status changes.


3. To be notified whenever there is a change in location, you need to register for a request for changes in locations so that your program can be notified periodically. This is done via the requestLocationUpdates() method (see Listing 1).

This method takes in four parameters:
    * provider: The name of the provider with which you register
    * minTime: The minimum time interval for notifications, in milliseconds.
    * minDistance: The minimum distance interval for notifications, in meters.
    * listener: An object whose onLocationChanged() method will be called for each location update.

4. Set the following User-Permission  in androidmanifest.xml
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION"></uses-permission>


Sample Code :
package com.cureent;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.app.AlertDialog.Builder;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationListener;
import android.location.LocationManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.ProgressBar;

public class CurrentActivity extends Activity implements OnClickListener, android.content.DialogInterface.OnClickListener {

    private EditText editTextShowLocation;
    private Button buttonGetLocation;
    private ProgressBar progress;

    private LocationManager locManager;
    private LocationListener locListener = new MyLocationListener();

    private boolean gps_enabled = false;
    private boolean network_enabled = false;

    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        editTextShowLocation = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText1);

        progress = (ProgressBar) findViewById(R.id.progressBar1);
        progress.setVisibility(View.GONE);

        buttonGetLocation = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button1);
        buttonGetLocation.setOnClickListener(this);

        locManager = (LocationManager) this.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        progress.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
        // exceptions will be thrown if provider is not permitted.
        try {
            gps_enabled = locManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        } catch (Exception ex) {
        }
        try {
            network_enabled = locManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
        } catch (Exception ex) {
        }

        // don't start listeners if no provider is enabled
        if (!gps_enabled && !network_enabled) {
            AlertDialog.Builder builder = new Builder(this);
            builder.setTitle("Attention!");
            builder.setMessage("Sorry, location is not determined. Please enable location providers");
            builder.setPositiveButton("OK", this);
            builder.setNeutralButton("Cancel", this);
            builder.create().show();
            progress.setVisibility(View.GONE);
        }

        if (gps_enabled) {
            locManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locListener);
        }
        if (network_enabled) {
            locManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locListener);
        }
    }

    class MyLocationListener implements LocationListener {
        @Override
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            if (location != null) {
                // This needs to stop getting the location data and save the battery power.
                locManager.removeUpdates(locListener);

                String londitude = "Londitude: " + location.getLongitude();
                String latitude = "Latitude: " + location.getLatitude();
                String altitiude = "Altitiude: " + location.getAltitude();
                String accuracy = "Accuracy: " + location.getAccuracy();
                String time = "Time: " + location.getTime();

                editTextShowLocation.setText(londitude + "\n" + latitude + "\n" + altitiude + "\n" + accuracy + "\n" + time);
                progress.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub

        }

        @Override
        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub

        }

        @Override
        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub

        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
        if(which == DialogInterface.BUTTON_NEUTRAL){
            editTextShowLocation.setText("Sorry, location is not determined. To fix this please enable location providers");
        }else if (which == DialogInterface.BUTTON_POSITIVE) {
            startActivity(new Intent(android.provider.Settings.ACTION_LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS));
        }
    }

}

 Reverse geocoding:

package com.exercise.AndroidFromLocation;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Locale;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.location.Address;
import android.location.Geocoder;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class AndroidFromLocation extends Activity {

double LATITUDE = 37.42233;
double LONGITUDE = -122.083;

   /** Called when the activity is first created. */
   @Override
   public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
       super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
       setContentView(R.layout.main);
       TextView myLatitude = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.mylatitude);
       TextView myLongitude = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.mylongitude);
       TextView myAddress = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.myaddress);
      
       myLatitude.setText("Latitude: " + String.valueOf(LATITUDE));
       myLongitude.setText("Longitude: " + String.valueOf(LONGITUDE));
      
       Geocoder geocoder = new Geocoder(this, Locale.ENGLISH);

       try {
  List<Address> addresses = geocoder.getFromLocation(LATITUDE, LONGITUDE, 1);
 
  if(addresses != null) {
   Address returnedAddress = addresses.get(0);
   StringBuilder strReturnedAddress = new StringBuilder("Address:\n");
   for(int i=0; i<returnedAddress.getMaxAddressLineIndex(); i++) {
    strReturnedAddress.append(returnedAddress.getAddressLine(i)).append("\n");
   }
   myAddress.setText(strReturnedAddress.toString());
  }
  else{
   myAddress.setText("No Address returned!");
  }
 } catch (IOException e) {
  // TODO Auto-generated catch block
  e.printStackTrace();
  myAddress.setText("Canont get Address!");
 }

   }
}


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   android:orientation="vertical"
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="fill_parent"
   >
<TextView 
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:text="@string/hello"
   />
<TextView
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:text="Location"
   android:background="#505050"
   />
<TextView
   android:id="@+id/mylatitude"
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   />
<TextView
   android:id="@+id/mylongitude"
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   />
<TextView
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:text="Address"
   android:background="#505050"
   />
<TextView
   android:id="@+id/myaddress"
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   />
</LinearLayout>

Get address from location using Geocoder

11 comments:

  1. Can you give me full source code in Zip file?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Can you give me full source code in Zip file?
      my mail id phanikumar294@gmail.com

      Delete
    2. https://www.dropbox.com/s/5qp1rbo44sw1si9/AndroidAddressApp.zip?dl=0

      Delete
  2. Nice post! This blog has given me a better understanding. Thanks a lot for such an informative blog post. Cheers!
    gps tracking devices |gt 06n

    ReplyDelete
  3. can i get the full source code please?

    ReplyDelete
  4. Please can I get the full sourcecode, email jante.java@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  5. Doesnt work on real devices...

    ReplyDelete
  6. i need full code.could u help me please

    ReplyDelete
  7. Thanks !!!
    your code help to me develop my application thanks ones again !!!

    ReplyDelete
  8. can you send me code vineet.panday650@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete